CCNA Routing & Switching

CCNA Routing & Switching

Batch Duration Hours Training Type Fees
CCNA - Routing & Switching 8 Weeks 80 Hours Classroom / Online 10000
  • Overview
  • Syllabus
  • Lab Topics
  • Practice Question
  • FAQs
  • Videos

Overview-The Cisco certified Network Associate (CCNA) credential is the premium certification for professionals who design and develop custom business solutions with Cisco routers and switches. Cisco Certifications focus on both routing and switching, as well as WAN switching solutions in network design and network support, providing you with flexible options for career development. One may advance to CCIE status by first achieving Associate certification in these tracks.

As Enterprises migrate toward controller based architectures, the role and skills required of a core network engineer are evolving and more vital than ever. To prepare for this network transition, the CCNA Routing and Switching certification will not only prepare you with the knowledge of foundational technologies, but ensure you stay relevant with skill sets needed for the adoption of next generation technologies.

This exam tests a candidate's knowledge and skills related to network fundamentals, LAN switching technologies, IPv4 and IPv6 routing technologies, WAN technologies, infrastructure services, infrastructure security, and infrastructure management.

Who Needs to Attend CCNA Training


Individuals seeking CCNA certification will find this Training the quickest way to meet the requirements of the CCNA exam. Earning your Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) is the starting point of many successful and rewarding IT careers. It says to the world – and more importantly, to potential employers – that you have the proven ability to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot mediumā€sized routing and switching networks.

CCNA Exam Overview


Pre Requisites: The CCNA exam has no pre requisites. You can start with Zero Technical knowledge.
Time Allotted: 120 minutes
Total marks: The exam is marked from 300 to 1000. A minimum mark is 300.
Passing Grade: Cisco revises the CCNA passing score periodically. Last known pass mark is 810/1000.
Score Report: Delivered immediate on test completion.
Certification validation period: 3 years
Exam Code: 200-125
Exam Cost: US $ 383.5 [Incl. GST]

1. Introduction

  • About Computer Networks
  • Simplex, Half Duplex and Full Duplex Communication Modes
  • Introduction to Network Devices
  • Collision Domain and Broadcast Domains

2. OSI Reference Model

  • OSI Model Layers
  • Data Encapsulation Process

3. IP Addressing

  • IP addressing Definitions
  • Classes of Networks
  • Unicast, Multicast and Broadcast Communication

4. IP Subnetting

  • Subnet Mask
  • Subnetting Examples of each Class

5. Configuring CISCO IOS Software

  • Introduction to Routers
  • Different Interfaces of routers and their significance
  • Router Booting Sequence
  • Logging into Router
  • Using Help & Editing features
  • Saving Router Configuration
  • Setting Passwords
  • Setting Hostname, Description, IP Addresses and Clock rate.

6. Managing CISCO Internetworks

  • Internal Components of CISCO Routers
  • Managing Configuration Registers
  • Boot System Commands
  • Password Recovery
  • Backing up and Restoring CISCO IOS
  • Backing up and Restoring CISCO Configuration files
  • Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)
  • Using Telnet
  • Resolving Hostnames to IP Addresses
  • Syslog
  • Network Time Protocol (NTP)
  • Exploring Connected Devices Using CDP and LLDP

7. LAN Switching

  • Overview of Switching logic
  • Learning MAC Addresses
  • The Forward versus Filter Decision
  • Avoiding loops using Spanning Tree Protocol
  • STP port states
  • RSTP
  • Ether Channel
  • Port fast
  • BPDU Guard

8. Virtual LANs (VLANs)

  • Virtual LAN Concepts
  • VLAN Memberships
  • Creating Multiswitch VLANs Using Trunking
  • VLAN Tagging
  • Type of Links (Access & Trunk)
  • Supported VLANs on a Trunk
  • Routing between VLANs.
  • VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP)
  • VTP Modes
  • Voice VLAN Concepts

9. Creating Redundant First Hop Routers

  • Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP)

10. IP Routing

  • IP Routing Process and Principles
  • Configuring Connected Routes

11. Types of Routing

  • Static Routing
  • Default Routing
  • Dynamic Routing

12. Routing Protocols and Classification

  • Routing Protocol basics
  • Distance-Vector Class Routing Protocol
  • Link-State Class Routing Protocol
  • Hybrid Class Routing Protocol

13. Routing Information Protocol (RIP-Version 2)

  • Features and Operations
  • Implementing RIP for IPv4

14. Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)

  • Features and Operations
  • Implementing EIGRP for IPv4

15. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

  • OSPF Features and Operations
  • Implementing OSPF for IPv4

16. Configuring Routers to Support DHCP

  • IOS DHCP Server Configuration
  • IOS DHCP Server Verification
  • Detecting Conflicts with Offered Versus Used Addresses

17. Implementing Network Security using Access Control Lists (ACL)

  • Introduction to Access List
  • Rules Packet follows during comparison against ACL
  • Types of Access lists
  • Guidelines for ACL
  • Standard IP Access Lists
  • Extended IP Access Lists
  • Named Access Lists

18. Network Address Translation (NAT)

  • Public and Private IP Addresses
  • Static NAT
  • Dynamic NAT
  • NAT Overload - Port Address Translation (PAT)
  • Dynamic PAT

19. Introduction to Wide Area Networks (WAN)

  • High-Level Data-Link Control Protocol (HDLC)
  • Point-to-Point Protocols (PPP)
  • Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)

20. Internet Protocol Ver 6. (IPv6)

  • IPv6 Address format and convention
  • Calculating IPv6 prefix
  • IPv6 address and Subnetting

21. Network Management

  • Simple Management Network Protocol (SNMP)
  • IP Service Level Agreement
  • SPAN

22. Device Security Features

  • Securing IOS Passwords
  • Cisco Device Hardening

23. Cloud Computing

  • Cloud Computing Concepts

24. SDN and Network Programmability

  • SDN and Network Programmability Basics
  • Cisco APIC-EM Path Trace ACL Analysis Application

1. Establishing Cisco Lab

  • Exploring Cisco Router Components and Accessories
  • Accessing Cisco Router or Switch using Console Cable
  • Identifying Router & Switch IOS Software

2. Basic Management of Cisco Routers and Switches

  • Password Recovery on Cisco 2500 and Cisco 26000
  • Using Initial Configuration Dialog
  • Navigating Command Line Interface
  • Assigning IP address on Interface
  • Interface Specific Configurations
  • Configuring a Loopback Interface
  • Upgrading Cisco IOS
  • Recovering Cisco IOS Image on Router
  • Configuring MOTD Banner

3. Configuring Basic Security Features on Router

  • Configuring Basic Password Authentication
  • Configuring Local User Database Authentication
  • Configuring AAA Authentication via TACACS+ Server
  • Configuring Secure Shell Virtual Terminal Access (SSH)
  • Configuring Numbered Access Control Lists
  • Configuring Named Access Control Lists
  • Configuring the VTY Line(s) Access Control List
  • Configuring the Password Encryption Service
  • Configuring an exec timeout and Login Failure Rate
  • Configure logging to a Remote SYSLog Server

4. Configuring Cisco Catalyst Switches

  • Configuring Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)
  • Configuring Virtual Local Area Networks (VLAN’s)
  • Configuring Trunk Ports using ISL and 802.1q
  • Configuring EtherChannel using PAgP
  • Configuring a Static ARP Entry
  • Configuring VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP)
  • Configuring VTP Transparent Mode and VTP Pruning
  • Configuring Inter VLAN Routing using Layer 3 Switch and Router
  • Configuring Per VLAN Spanning Tree Protocol
  • Configuring Spanning Tree Portfast
  • Configuring STP Attributes
  • Configuring Switchport Security


5. Configuring Wide Area Network Protocols

  • Configuring Point-to-Point Links using PPP or HDLC
  • Configuring Point-to-Point Frame Relay using sub-interfaces
  • Configuring a Point-to-Multipoint Frame Relay WAN interfaces


6. Configuring Static Routing

  • Configuring Static Routing
  • Configuring a Floating Static Route
  • Configuring a Static Default Route

7. Configuring Routing Information Protocol (RIP)

  • Configuring Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
  • Enabling RIP Versions 1 and 2
  • Setting RIP Timers

8. Configuring Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)

  • Configuring Basic EIGRP
  • Enabling / Disabling EIGRP Split Horizon
  • Configuring EIGRP Timers
  • Configuring EIGRP Route Summarization
  • Configuring EIGRP Default Route Propagation

9. Configuring Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

  • Configuring Basic OSPF
  • Setting OSPF Priority
  • Configuring Multi.Area OSPF
  • Manipulating OSPF Router.ID
  • Specifying OSPF Interface Cost

11. Configuring IP Services

  • Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) - Static
  • Configuring Port Address Translation (PAT)
  • Configuring the Cisco Router as DHCP Server
  • Configuring IP DHCP Helper Address
  • Configuring Cisco Router as NTP Client and NTP Server
  • Configuring Cisco Router for Name Servers

12. Configuring IP Version 6 (IPv6)

  • Configuring IPv6 Interface Addressing
  • Configuring IPv6 Static Routing
  • Configuring Basic IPv6 RIPng
  • Configuring Basic IPv6 OSPFv3

Q1. Which two of these statements are true of IPv6 address representation ? (Choose two.)


A. There are four types of IPv6 addresses: unicast, multicast, anycast, and broadcast.
B. A single interface may be assigned multiple IPv6 addresses of any type.
C. Every IPv6 interface contains at least one loopback address.
D. The first 64 bits represent the dynamically created interface ID.
E. Leading zeros in an IPv6 16 bit hexadecimal field are mandatory.

Correct Answers: B,C


A single interface may be assigned multiple addresses of any type (unicast, anycast, multicast).
Every IPv6-enabled interface must contain at least one loopback and one link-local address.
Optionally, every interface can have multiple unique local and global addresses.



Q2. What is the first 24 bits in a MAC address called ?



Correct Answer: C.

An Organizationally Unique Identifier (OUI) is a 24-bit number that uniquely identifies a vendor, manufacturer, or other organization globally or worldwide.


Q3. Which command enables IPv6 forwarding on a Cisco router?


A. ipv6 local
B. ipv6 host
C. ipv6 unicast-routing
D. ipv6 neighbor
Correct Answer: C.

To enable IPv6 routing on the Cisco router use the following command:
ipv6 unicast-routing



Q4. Which two of these statements regarding RSTP are correct? (Choose two.)


A. RSTP cannot operate with PVST+.
B. RSTP defines new port roles.
C. RSTP defines no new port states.
D. RSTP is a proprietary implementation of IEEE 802.1D STP.
E. RSTP is compatible with the original IEEE 802.1D STP.
Correct Answers: B, E


When network topology changes, Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (IEEE-802.1W, referred to as RSTP) will speed up significantly to re-calculate spanning tree. RSTP defines the role of ports: Alternate Port and Backup Port. It has also defined the status of ports as : Discarding Status, Learning Status and Forwarding Status.



Q5. A router has learned three possible routes that could be used to reach a destination network. One route is from EIGRP and has a composite metric of 38524558. Another route is from OSPF with a metric of 827. The last is from RIPv2 and has a metric of 6. Which route or routes will the router install in the routing table?


A. the OSPF route
B. the EIGRP route
C. the RIPv2 route
D. all three routes
E. the OSPF and RIPv2 routes
Correct Answer: B

When one route is advertised by more than one routing protocol, the router will choose to use the routing protocol which has lowest Administrative Distance. 


Q6. What two things will a router do when running a distance vector routing protocol? (Choose two.)


A. Send periodic updates regardless of topology changes.
B. Send entire routing table to all routers in the routing domain.
C. Use the shortest-path algorithm to the determine best path.
D. Update the routing table based on updates from their neighbors.
E. Maintain the topology of the entire network in its database.
Correct Answers: A, D


Distance means how far and Vector means in which direction. Distance Vector routing protocols exchange complete routing table to neighbor routers at regular interval of time.


Q7. Which interface command immediately removes the effect of ACL 102 from an interface?


A. no ip access-class 102 in
B. no ip access-class 102 out
C. no ip access-group 102 in
D. no ip access-group 102 out
E. no ip access-list 102 in
Correct Answer: D


The “ip access-group” is used to apply and ACL to an interface. So “no ip access-group 102 out” will remove the effect of this ACL.

Who should go for this certification course ?

CCNA is must for all those people who are planning to make their career in networking, especially as Network Administrators, Systems Administrators, Network Engineers, Security Professionals etc.CCNA Certification is one of the industry's most recognized and highly valued program. It is the first certification in Cisco’s Network Support certification track and the first step towards more advanced Cisco Certifications.Career opportunities are plentiful. Softech Systems has hundreds of jobs for CCNA-accredited professionals.

How do you ensure 100% certification guarantee ?

Great trainers make a huge difference. We, at SOFTECH SYSTEMS, are dedicated to providing High Quality Training, that guarantees certification and technical know-how.  Our highly qualified and certified trainers, having extensive industry experience, will bring the real world experience to the classroom. They know exactly what you need to know, to pass the Cisco Certification Exams. We are so confident of our teaching methodology that if you follow our advice & guidance and take your study seriously, you will become certified - Guaranteed.

I'm new to IT. Where do I start ?

Certification is a great way to get a quick introduction to the IT industry and gain an advantage in the job market. Even the most difficult certification requires far less preparation time or financial investment than a four-year degree in computer science. But ultimately, the choice of courses will depend on your career goals and training needs.One of the best ways to get into the IT industry is through helpdesk jobs. Get the qualifications you need with Softech Systems.

I'm interested in a particular course but I don't meet the pre-requisites. Can I still take the course ?

Softech Systems can tailor the courses to suit your training requirements, so even if you don't meet the pre-requisites, you may still be eligible for the course.

What do my fees cover ?

Your fees include Classroom training, Courseware, Hands-on lab exercises using real Routers / Switches, Preparation for real On-Line exam, 24x7 mentoring, and technical and learning support.

How long is each course ?

Our certification training courses are all self-paced so you have the flexibility of when and where you wish to complete your course. For example, our CCNA course can be completed in 40 days, but you can complete it even earlier by increasing the time per day you dedicate to your studies.

Will I get certified immediately after my course ?

Softech Systems provides certification training to prepare you for the actual certification exam(s). We are not involved in the actual examination process, nor do we provide the certification itself. However, we are so confident in the quality of our training that we guarantee you will get certified.

How do I enroll ?

We've made the enrolment process as easy as possible. All you have to do is contact any consultant at our office and indicate the course you're interested in.

Any pre-requisites for CCNA Training Course or for Exam ?

There are no pre-requisites either for the training or for the exam. You can take this exam directly once your training is over.

Will the score be displayed on CCNA certificate ?

No. it will just say  "you have successfully passed". Score is displayed on the SCORE Report which you get immediately once your exam is over.

How many attempts can I make to complete the Exam ?

As many as you want ,there is no limitation on the number of tests. But you should take some time before attending it again.

What exams do I have to take to get my CCNA ?

To earn this Cisco certification, you must pass the following exam(s):Option 1: CCNA Composite200-125 CCNAOption 2: ICND1 and ICND2100-105 ICND1200-105 ICND2

Do I have to recertify my CCNA, or is it mine forever after I pass ?

One way Cisco protects the value of its certifications is to enforce strict recertification policies. When you earn your CCNA, you must recertify within three years.

How do I recertify my CCNA ?

There is a lot of confusion out there on this question. The latest information from Cisco is that to recertify your CCNA,  pass ONE of the following before the certification expiration date:Pass any current Associate-level exam except for ICND1 exam, orPass any current 642-XXX Professional-level or any 300-XXX Professional-level exam, orPass any current 642-XXX Cisco Specialist exam (excluding Sales Specialist exams or MeetingPlace Specialist exams, Implementing Cisco TelePresence Installations (ITI) exams, Cisco Leading Virtual Classroom Instruction exams, or any 650 online exams), orPass any current CCIE Written Exam, orPass the current CCDE Written Exam OR current CCDE Practical Exam, orPass the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview AND the CCAr board review to extend lower certifications

How do I register for the CCNA exam ?

You can take the CCNA exam at any Pearson VUE testing center or you can do online at

How much is the CCNA 640-802 composite exam ?

The cost of the CCNA 200-125 composite exam in India is USD $325 + GST which is USD $383.5.

What will I receive when I complete my certification exam ?

At the completion of computer-based proctored exams, all candidates will receive an exam score report. The score report includes a score breakdown by exam section to help candidates determine their areas of strength and weakness. In addition, your score and the passing score for the particular exam taken will be listed on the report. Also, information on your score report such as your Cisco ID number and/or Test ID number will be used to identify you in the Certification program.

Why is CCNA a pre-requisite for Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) certification ?

CCNA ensures that CCNP candidates possess a solid foundation of networking knowledge, which lays the foundation for the professional curriculum. Without that prerequisite foundation, the student may not be able to keep up with others in class and learn the advanced knowledge and skills presented in the CCNP courses.

How Cisco certification exams are scored ?

Cisco Certification exams scores are based on a point scaling system that is widely used in the industry. Your score can fall within a point scale of 300 to 1000 points. You are automatically awarded 300 points for beginning the test and can score up to 1000 points if you answer every question correctly on the exam. The specific number of points awarded to a given question may vary exam to exam. This does not change the content or format of the exam or the way in which the exam is graded.

What are Simulation-Oriented Questions and why these are added to the Cisco Exams ?

Simulation-oriented questions model real-life networking scenarios for test takers by requiring them to apply troubleshooting and problem-solving skills to address realistic networking problems. Using simulations in exams will provide a more comprehensive measurement of the skill and knowledge level of certified individuals. The simulations are designed to measure a candidate's ability to execute tasks appropriate to the level of certification. Scenarios used in simulations provide a more realistic environment and measure the degree of knowledge and skills. Candidates must be able to complete a task using the correct commands, in the right sequence.

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Sagarika Chandrakant Wagh


Mukesh sir delivered the technical information needed to pass the Exam in a manner that I could retain and understand easily. I never had a better experience of Classroom Training Environment where the very core complex technical issues were being delivered in a very simplistic and comprehensive way. I will definitely refer any of my peers to Softech Systems.

Ashutosh Anna Jagtap


The Class was Very good and to the point.Thanks for your efforts. I enjoyed the instructor's humor. If other technical classes were this fun I would probably have a whole list of certifications.

Deepali Suresh Nehere


Thanks for everything. I have undergone lots of accelerated courses in my student life and you are "The Best" instructor I ever had. When I came in to this class, I was bit worried about the amount of knowledge that I had to learn in a very short time. Thanks to Excellent Training efforts. I am feeling VERY comfortable with all the information and teachings you provided.

Akshay Sarjerao Kadam


This class was one of the best instructed classes I've had. You managed to takedrycontent and keep all your students engaged and interested throughout the course.There were numerous opportunities to practice what we learned and directly apply the knowledge.

Dadhale Sambhaji Kishan


You did your usual excellent job with the training, and you are one of the very few Technical institute that live up to their name. You are indeed Excellent Training! I m brimming with confidence that I will pass the CCNP Support test easily

Vaibhav Tamhankar

Cisco - Multi-Protocol Label Switching

Really enjoyed the class. I have already recommended it to a coworker. I generally never attend training because it is not worth my time. Your class is different, very good participation from the students, the instruction pace is good, the instructor had a good sense of humor, and your teaching skills are very good. If I can, I will certainly try to take other classes that you teach.

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